The area of 105 acres was a fortified settlement of Elepa, also known as “Kastri Velanis” located east of the modern village of Chrysus of the Municipality of Souli, to a naturally fortified plateau at the foot of the mountains of Paramythia and at an average altitude of 500 m from there it was possible to check almost All of the Acheron – Koski Valley, the territory of the ancient city. The identification of the ruins by referring to the ancient sources of “Elepa” was made by the Professor and Researcher of the History of Epirus Sotiris Dorkar. The settlement was founded in the middle of the 4th century. BC, when the Themes are for the first time in organized cities. In the same era, the oldest known bronze coins with the symbols of the city and the sex of Elegarians are dated. The correlation of coins with Persephone and Hades suggests that the well-known “Necromantio” at the estuary of Acheron, where the “Limen Merciful” in the current bay of sandy, was under the influence of the element. For some time, until its transfer to the Distans, it seems to have been the headquarters of the Thesprotians. The city also flourishes during the Hellenistic times (3rd ~ 2nd century BC) and is destroyed in 167 BC. from the Roman Legions of Emilios Paul. ). “In the newer years, the flat extent of the settlement was systematically used for crops, and over the last decades for stovinism and grazing animals.” “Strong polygonal fortification surrounds the settlement of the member from the east and north, while the wall departments are only raised in the natural points of the Northwest, Western and South Fortress. Two main gates, one in the east and one to the west, ensured the seamless communication of the settlement, while a third floor is located on the north side.
The walls follow the polygonal guidance system with less or more diligent construction. Limestone abounded in the area has been used as material. The system is followed by the two parallel system between the cones built with corolites, the intermediate vacuum of which is filled with smaller stones. Inside the wall is reinforced with crosslinks (dies) in order to ensure greater strength, as distinguished on the bestly surviving east side. Division of the fortification presents the eastern side of the fortification and especially the part around the Eastern Gate. Impressive is the state of conservation of the walls, which are survived at a height of 7 m, while their thickness reaches 4 m in the northeastern part of the enclosure projects a trapezoidal ground floor. In exceptionally good condition, part of the wall in the center of the south side is maintained: it has a thickness of 3.90 m, while surviving at a height of 5 m. The walls of the elepa can with relative safety, based on historical and archaeological data, dating At the time of establishing the city in the middle of the 4th century. Ex. The area within the walls covers an area of approximately 105 acres and is formed with remasional walls at a gradient andes. The north-eastern part of the settlement, that is, which extends from the northeast walls to the temple and the area where the market is placed on the basis of their data, It seems to be unstructured. It is likely to be an area free from buildings either for defensive reasons or even to secure future residential vital space. The architecturally landscaped area is located in the western half of the settlement. The settlement is arranged on the basis of the axis of the main road, which seems to cross it along southwest to northeast. At the same time or vertically with the central road, smaller roads have delimited public buildings and private homes. The remasory walls shape the settlement to a smaller and larger Antira, smoothing the intense slopes of the plateau and at the same time horizon of building islets. They present, on a case-by-case basis, more or less powerful – pacific primarily, while in many examples, alongside the walls of the various buildings of the settlement are also used in many examples. The market area, about 3,000 square meters, originally had the form of an open-air square, and in the Hellenistic years he bounded by three galleries to the east, the west and the north. In direct context, other buildings related to public functions or serviced storage needs of public goods have been phased. The worship needs of the inhabitants served a small temple with a pronaos, beeps and sanctuary, which was built on a tall uninterest in the central part of the city. The houses that have been excavated were usually ground floor, while there were second floor or interior outdoor courtyards. They consisted of 4 to 6 spaces, warehouses, loom rooms, horses, etc. and were housed with wooden rooftop roofs. Their floors were usually made of pressed pile or carved on the natural rock. ” The space is accessible by road through the paved provincial road from TK. Chrysanthour, about 5 km from the town of Paramythia and Visit Saturday to Monday and 8: 30-15: 30 (Tuesday-Friday: Closed). ). However, it is recommended that your prior communication with space as its operating hours can be differentiated according to the availability of fails (tel: 26650.29177 / 8, e-mail: email@example.com). In space, people can access with mobility problems (assisted) to the fervency / venue of space, through a ramp with a mild slope. There is a report with informational material for history and establishment of the settlement, at the same time – at the same time – the position of the building is located – an overall picture of the most important monuments in the area. The area also has a healthy disabled area. Suggested activities:
• Walk the path that joins “Ancient Elepa – Cross”. “The trail of the Cross, as it was called since 1779, was the main road that united the paramythia with the dairy (Souliotohoria). He started from the Platan of Paramythia, climbed to the current historical archive, in the Sinsites, Camps, Upper Karioti, Galatis, Alonaki, Cross (Gorilla’s Sweetheart), and then after it went to Fyrory (Old Corstiani), ended in the other villages of Souliou. From I spent in May 1779th Kosmas, Aitolos, to visit the Souliotohoria.
And when he arrived at the mountain neck, he was so impressed so he threw his eyes to the sky and made his cross. Since then this part was named Cross. From the Cross the view is indescribable. West is portrayed in front of the visitor as a big painting all the Kambos of Paramythia with Velliani villages, Karioti, Kerolofos, Kyra Panagia, Rachouli, Revera, Pagkrati, Saliani, Nionochori and Bourneta. And east the mountain range of the Souli Mountains with the Frosting Village.
For hundreds of years, the Kaxiatians have climbing the helical path of the Cross for buying in Paramythia transferred to it for sale with animals forest and livestock products and buying the house. Skitings, dizzily and agitating fabricated for sale mainly firewood in the capital of Souli province. And returned again loaded with shopping, traveling the long journey (eight-hour go – come, according to written information). The cross of the Cross maintained with personal work the residents of the Souliotocytes. Its repair work carried mainly in the spring, or after every possible waterpool. ” • Walk the second and comparatively much harder path that leads to Agios Arsenos Chrysanthus. “Starts 600 meters from the archaeological site of the mask, following a dirt road immediately after the parking lot that is there.
Initially, the climb is relatively smooth, but as it goes up so it makes it difficult as at various points of the route it requires a cliff with a cliffs with a sudden call. In addition, while the length of the course there are quoted stones that make it even more difficult and dangerous. For this reason, important mountaineering experience and attention is required to make the transition from here. Whichever trail and finally chosen, the only sure thing is that the beauty of the wild landscape enchants the most demanding visitor. The view literally cuts breath and is unobstructed as the day with a clean atmosphere looks at the Ionian Sea and the islands of Corfu and Paxos. The area offers other attractions such as Ancient Elepa, and before you leave you can enjoy a rich meal at the taverns of the area. ” • Visit Polyneri (Katsi).
• Walk the path that leads from Elepa to San Arsenium Chrysanthus.